Periodontics (Gums)

Periodontics

 

Peridontitis is a serious oral disease that is characterized by destruction of the bone that holds the teeth in the mouth. Loss of bone means tooth mobility and possible tooth loss! Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis is irreversible. Bone loss can occur at a slow rate over many years, or it can occur very rapid resulting in tooth loss. The destructiveness of periodontal disease depends on the aggressiveness of the bacteria present, as well as the patient’s health and genetic factors.

 



There are a few risk factors: 
• Genetics
• Smoking 
• Diabetes
• Autoimmune Diseases
• Osteoporosis and Osteonecrosis 
• Female Hormones (Pregnancy, Menstruation) 
• Medications 
• Vitamin C Deficiencies 

The Periodontal Disease Process:
The American Academy of Periodontal Disease has created specific classifications for the different stages of periodontal disease. 

Case Type I: Gingivitis


Case Type II: Slight Chronic Periodontitis


Case Type III: Moderate, Chronic or Aggressive Periodontitis


Case Type IV: Advanced Chronic or Aggressive Periodontitis


Case Type V: Refractory, Chronic or Aggressive Periodontitis